Repose uses one of the following datastore implementations to store various types of data:

  • Local datastore (name: local/default)

  • Distributed datastore (name: distributed/hash-ring)

  • Remote datastore (name: distributed/remote)

The local datastore is enabled by default. The others are enabled by including the appropriate service into your System Model configuration.

Local Datastore

If no other datastores are configured, then Repose will use the local datastore. The local datastore will store data using the cache on each node. Data will not be shared among the nodes, so each Repose node will have its own copy of the data. For example, if using rate limiting with the local datastore, then each node will track its own limit information and limit updates will not be shared with other nodes.

Distributed Datastore

A Repose node may, at times, need to share information with other Repose nodes. The Distributed Datastore component allows Repose to host a simple hash-ring object store that shares consistency between all of the participating nodes. This, in turn, allows other hosted components as well as external programs to use a cluster of Repose nodes as a whole to store information. Instead of cache operations communicating through the Repose Service port (which is the port a Repose instance services requests to pass to the Origin Service), the Distributed Datastore Service will communicate through configured port(s) within the distributed datastore configuration. If the Distributed Datastore Service is unable to communicate with the service on other nodes, it will fall back on the local datastore temporarily. Once other nodes become reachable, the Distributed Datastore Service will return to being distributed.


  • Default Configuration: dist-datastore.cfg.xml

  • Released: v2.7.0

  • Schema

The Distributed Datastore service can be enabled in a Repose deployment by adding it to the services list of the System Model like this:

system-model.cfg.xml (partial)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<system-model xmlns="">
    <service name="dist-datastore"/>

Adding the Distributed Datastore Service to a Repose deployment requires that listening ports be configured within the dist-datastore.cfg.xml file. The <port> element is the port configuration for the Distributed Datastore. When you configure Repose to start with the Distributed Datastore, the running Repose instance will try to find the <port> configuration that matches it’s own node ID in the System Model. If the node attribute is not defined for a <port>, that <port> is considered the default <port>. A running Repose instance will listen on the default <port> for Distributed Datastore traffic if no <port> is defined with a node attribute matching its own node ID in the System Model.

The following is a basic sample configuration.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<distributed-datastore xmlns=''>
    <allowed-hosts allow-all="true"/>
        <port port="9999"/>

Full Configuration

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<distributed-datastore xmlns=''
                       connection-pool-id="default" (1)
                       keystore-filename="keystore.jks" (2)
                       keystore-password="password" (3)
                       key-password="secret" (4)
                       truststore-filename="truststore.jks" (5)
                       truststore-password="trusting"> (6)
    <allowed-hosts allow-all="false">  (7) (8)
        <allow host=""/> (9)
        <port port="9999"/> (10)
        <port port="7777" node="node2"/> (11)
1 HTTP Connection pool (ID) to use when communicating with other members of the distributed datastore.
2 IF this attribute is configured, THEN it is assumed that it points to the Java keystore containing the client certificate to present for client authentication (e.g keystore.jks) AND the keystore-password and key-password attributes are no longer optional.
IF the keystore-filename is defined,
THEN HTTPS will be used;
ELSE HTTP will be used.
3 The password for the client authentication keystore.
4 The password for the particular client authentication key in the keystore.
5 The truststore used for validating the server this pool is connecting to. This is typically set to the same path as the client authentication keystore.
6 The password for the client authentication truststore.
NOTE: This attribute is only used if the truststore-filename attribute is present.
7 Defines a list of hosts who has access to the distributed datastore API calls. This does not add the host to the participating data storage nodes.
8 Setting the optional allow-all to true will turn off host ACL checking.
Default: false
9 Defines a host who has access to the distributed datastore API.
10 Defines the default port on which all datastores will listen.
11 Overrides the default port, defined for all datastores to listen, only for this particular node.


The distributed datastore provides the option to encrypt communication between nodes using HTTP over SSL/TLS. As mentioned above, this is achieved by configuring a keystore in the dist-datastore.cfg.xml file. This feature can additionally provide client authentication during the SSL handshake. By both validating the client credentials and encrypting communication with the client, data in the datastore is made more secure.

Assuming all Repose nodes are configured identically, the most straight-forward way to make use of this security would be to use a single unique keystore as both the keystore and the truststore. This can be achieved by not explicitly configuring a separate truststore. Since each datastore node will have a copy of the keystore, each node will trust every other node.

Client authentication in SSL/TLS can act as as alternate form of client validation, performing a task similar to that of an access control list. As such, the usage of client authentication may replace the need to configure the allowed-hosts section of the dist-datastore.cfg.xml file.

The distributed datastore will use a connection pool from the HTTP Client Service to communicate across nodes. If a connection pool is not configured, the default will be used. In nearly all cases, the connection pool being used should not be the default, but rather, a connection pool should be configured to use SSL/TLS Client Authentication configured in the distributed datastore. That is, the distributed datastore may be thought of as a server, and clients in the connection pool as clients. Both the client and server need to be aware of how to communicate, and so they both must be configured with the appropriate secrets.

For managing keystores and truststores, the aptly named keytool can be used.

For more details, see:


The distributed datastore shares key-space with all of the enabled cluster nodes. Key-space is determined by the maximum value of the distributed datastore’s hashing algorithm. Currently the only supported hashing algorithm is MD5.

Key-space Addressing

Addressing a key is done by first normalizing all of the participating cluster nodes. This is done by an ascending sort. After the participating nodes have had their order normalized, the key-space is sliced up by dividing the maximum possible number of addresses by the total number of participating nodes. The given key is then reduced to its numeric representation and a cluster node is looked up by performing a modulus such that (<key-value> % <number-of-cluster-members>).

Key-space Encoding

By default, the internal Repose client implementation for the distributed datastore will obscure key-space by storing only the MD5 hash value of a given key and not the key’s actual value. This is important to note since external gets against the distributed datastore must be aware of this functionality. The MD5 hash is represented as a 128bit UUID.

Example Key Addressing

  • String Key: object-key

  • MD5 Hash: cd26615a30a3cdce02e3a834fed5711a

  • UUID: cecda330-5a61-26cd-1a71-d5fe34a8e302

If an external application makes a request for data stored by Repose components, it must first hash the key using MD5 before sending the request such that…​

GET /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/object-key


GET /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/cecda330-5a61-26cd-1a71-d5fe34a8e302

Obscuring key-space is not a function of the distributed datastore service. This functionality is only present in the internally consumed java cache client. If an external application puts an object into the distributed datastore, the object will be stored under the value of the key given.

Remote Management

The repose distributed datastore component is a service that hosts a simple RESTful API that can be contacted to perform remote object store operations. These operations are defined below.

GET /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/<object-key> HTTP/1.1

Gets a stored object from the datastore by its key.

PUT /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/<object-key> HTTP/1.1

Puts an object into the datastore by its key.

DELETE /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/<object-key> HTTP/1.1

Deletes an object from the datastore by its key.

PATCH /powerapi/dist-datastore/objects/<object-key> HTTP/1.1

Patches an object in the datastore by its key. If the object does not exist, then a new one created. Return the modified/new object. The object must be Patchable.

Remote Fail-Over

In the event that a node with in a datastore cluster falls off line or is unable to respond to requests, it is removed from the node’s cluster membership for a period of time. During this time, the online node will then re-address its key-space in order to continue operation. After certain periods of rest, the node may attempt to introduce the damaged cluster member into its cluster membership. A damaged cluster member must go through several validation passes where the member is introduced back into the addressing algorithm before it can be considered online. In order to keep healthy nodes from attempting to route requests to the damaged node, a participating node may tell it’s destination that the destination may not route the request and must handle the value locally.


The Repose node will open sockets each time it has to communicate with other Repose nodes to share information. During times of load this can affect performance and data integrity as when one node cannot communicate with another it will mark that node damaged and store/create information locally. One way this can happen is if the user running repose hits their open file limit. Luckily this can be mitigated by increasing the open file limit for the user running Repose.

JMX Reporting

Currently Repose instances do not report Distributed Datastore information to JMX. This is something that has been done in the past, but an upgrade to the metrics library used has made this capability incompatible with the current codebase.

Remote Datastore


  • Default Configuration: remote-datastore.cfg.xml

  • Released: v8.5.1.0

  • Schema

At times, Repose instances may need to share information between nodes that are unaware of each other. An example of this is a dynamic containerized environment like OpenShift or other 12-Factor environment.

The Remote Datastore Service allows dynamic isolated Repose instances to use a single static Repose instance’s object store. The Remote Datastore Service communicates to the configured host through the configured port. If the Remote Datastore Service is unable to communicate with the configured object store, it will fall back on the local datastore temporarily. The Remote Datastore Service will return to using the configured object store as soon as it becomes reachable again.

The static Repose instance is simply configured as a single node cluster with the distributed datastore service enabled. The distributed datastore is typically configured with SSL/TLS Client Authentication so that all clients must properly authenticate before a session is established. Then all of the dynamic clients are configured with a remote datastore and the HTTP Client Service configured to provide the proper authentication.

The Remote Datastore service can be enabled in the dynamic clients by adding it to the services list of the System Model like this:

system-model.cfg.xml (partial)
<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<system-model xmlns="">
    <service name="remote-datastore"/>

The following is a basic sample configuration.

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<remote-datastore host=""

Full Configuration

<?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8"?>
<remote-datastore host="" (1)
                  port="8080" (2)
                  useHTTPS="true" (3)
                  connection-pool-id="remote-datastore"/> (4)
1 Defines the host providing the remote datastore.
2 Defines the port on which the remote datastore is listening (1-65535).
3 Defines if the remote datastore is expecting a secure connection request.
Default: true
4 Http Connection Pool ID to use when connecting to the Remote Datastore.

Refer to the HTTP Client Service and SSL/TLS Client Authentication documentation for properly securing the connection pool used to connect to the Remote Datastore.